Pesky Pest Control

An estimated 91,000 known species of insects live in the United States. While not all of these species are considered pests, the large number of household insect pests can make protecting your home or living space from pests an ongoing job. Individuals should carefully research multiple pest control companies in order to find a trustworthy business.

Reputation and Professionalism: Make sure the company you work with is licensed to operate; most states require pest management companies to be licensed through the state’s department of agriculture and the company should show proof of current licensing. Check if the company has general liability insurance and workmen’s compensation insurance. In addition to insurance and licensing, individuals must investigate the company’s past jobs. Ask for references and contact the local Better Business Bureau to learn about the company’s reputation. Take note of the company’s professionalism; is their vehicle neat with the company name clearly marked? Are employees organized, considerate, and careful in your home? Find out if the company belongs to a professional pest management association; companies affiliated with professional organizations indicate a concern for quality work.

Pricing: A pest control company should always do an inspection of your home before settling on a price for a job. Beware of prices that seem too high or too low; investigating the services of at least three different companies will give you a better idea of prices.

Your Needs: The pest management professional should be mindful of the home’s occupants. The professional should take into consideration residents’ allergies, ages (elderly, children), and household pets when choosing pesticides. Ask questions throughout the entire process, a good company is ready and willing to address your concerns.

Choose a reputable local pest management company through Real Local Pages (RLP), an online directory of U.S. businesses and services. Visit the RLP website, http://www.reallocalpages.com, and choose your location by entering your zip code. Search for businesses by entering terms into the search box such as “pest control,” and “exterminator,” or “orange oil termite treatment“, choose from the popular categories options on the home page. The results page will show listings related to your search terms along with the address and phone number of each business. RLP is a great site for locating a variety of businesses and services, from movie theaters and coffee shops to lawn care companies and pest management services.

A Cup of Coffee History

coffee big pic2About 100 million Americans enjoy a cup of rich, hot coffee every day. Second only to petroleum, coffee is the most traded commodity on the world market. Ethiopian nomads first discovered the stimulating effects of coffee around the 9th century; they would eat coffee berries raw or pressed into bars with a clarified butter called ghee. Coffee as a beverage took off in the 14th century when Arab traders brought coffee from Ethiopia and boiled the beans in water to produce a drink called “qahveh” meaning, “that which prevents sleep.” The drink spread to the rest of the Arabian Peninsula, as well as Persia, Egypt, and Ottoman Turkey where coffee was consumed in public coffee houses. People would gather to drink coffee, listen to music, and discuss politics.

Venetian traders brought coffee to Italy in 1615 and coffee-drinking and coffee houses spread to the rest of Europe. Coffee production remained restricted to Ethiopia and the Arabian countries since Arab traders protected their monopoly by exporting only infertile beans. In the 17th century however, the Dutch smuggled live coffee plants back to Europe; and by the end of the century, the Dutch were growing coffee on their colony in Java. Other European countries followed suit, growing coffee in places like Martinique, Brazil, and Jamaica. By the 1900s, countries on almost every continent were producing coffee. Today, Brazil, Vietnam, and Indonesia are the world’s leading coffee-producers, with Brazil growing 30% of the world’s coffee.

Find local coffee stores through Real Local Pages (RLP), an online directory of businesses in the United States. Go to the RLP website, http://www.reallocalpages.com, and enter your city or zip code. You can search for businesses and services by choosing from the popular categories list or by entering terms, like “coffee” into the search box at the top of the home page. The results page will display businesses located nearest to your location; each listing on the results page will show the address and phone number of the business. Users can leave reviews of the business they visit by clicking on the “add review” button next to the business listing. RLP is a great way to find local businesses and services from beauty salons and coffee shops to landscapers and roofers. Business owners can also advertise with RLP to increase their visibility and better connect with their customers.

From Vine to Wine

wine-grapes-48061Many people enjoy an occasional glass of wine with friends or with their dinner. Most people however don’t think about how their wine is made. Wine grapes are first picked from the vine, either by hand or by mechanical harvesters. Grape stems are then removed; sometimes the grapes are checked again to sort out leftover leaves or bad grapes before fermentation. Nearly all grapes produce white juice, red wine gets its color not from the grape’s color, but through the fermentation process. When making red wine, grapes are slightly crushed and the released juice is fermented along with the grape skins. To make white wine, juice is separated from the grape skins and the wine is usually fermented at a cooler temperature than red wines to maintain a fresh, fruity flavor.

Fermentation is the process that converts sugar in the grape juice (and grape skins) into alcohol. Wild yeast already present on the grapes consumes the sugar and produces carbon dioxide and alcohol, or, winemakers add special cultured yeasts to produce the alcohol. The more sugar in the juice, the higher the alcohol content will be. Wine can either be fermented in oak barrels, which add flavor, or in stainless steel tanks where the temperature can be regulated. Once fermentation is complete, the wine matures for several months or even years. Fining and filtering removes remaining particles from the wine; winemakers typically place egg whites in the wine so that the particles latch onto the egg white and ends up at the bottom of the barrel. Filtering then makes the wine clear and bright, the wine is then bottled and readied for drinking.

Search for local wine stores using Real Local Pages (RLP), an online directory of business listings. Visit the RLP website, http://www.reallocalpages.com, and enter your zip code or location. Search for businesses by choosing from the popular categories list on the home page or by entering terms like “wine” into the search box. Each listing on the results page includes an address and phone number for your convenience. Real Local Pages is useful for finding a wide variety of businesses and services, from clothing stores and restaurants, to electricians and lawn care services.

A Stitch in Time

sewingUp until the nineteenth century, most clothing was produced by hand. Inventions such as the spinning jenny and power loom revolutionized the mass-production of cloth in the early 1800s, but individual garments were still made at home, or by tailors and seamstresses. In 1851, Isaac Singer patented a sewing machine utilizing a vertically-placed eye-pointed needle and a foot treadle—his machine made it possible for ready-to-wear clothing to be mass-produced in factories, yet, production remained limited to coats and undergarments. The lack of standardized measurements also limited the production of ready-made clothing, but the demand for military uniforms during the Civil War led to the development of standardized sizes.

Men’s clothing was the first to be mass produced since fashions changed more slowly than women’s. By 1900 however, factories were better able to keep pace with changing fashions and more women purchased ready-made outfits. The expansion of advertising, mail order catalogs, and department stores led to greater demands for ready-made clothing, but the arbitrary sizing of these garments kept costs high since women had to spend extra money altering the clothing to fit their bodies. Each clothing manufacturer used different sizing, and measurements were often based on incorrect information about women’s proportions. The U.S. Department of Agriculture conducted a nation-wide survey of women’s body measurements in 1939 to determine proportions that were then used to create standardized sizes. The twentieth century also saw changes in the clothing factory itself; manufacturers began specializing in particular clothing types, like dresses or menswear, since the clothing type determined the machinery needed in the factory. Later, the use of computer software reduced the number of unsold items and made the clothing industry more responsive to customers’ desires.

Finding conveniently-located clothing stores is easy using Real Local Pages (RLP), an online directory of businesses and services. Visit RLP’s website, http://www.reallocalpages.com/, and enter your zip code or city. Search for services and businesses by choosing from the popular categories list, or by entering key words into the search box like “clothing,” “apparel,” or “fashion.” Search results will display the phone number and address of the business. The Real Local Pages directory is great for helping you find a wide variety of services and business—from spa resorts and movie theaters, to attorneys and roofers.